June 30, 2008

100th Anniversary Anne of Green Gables Stamps

100th Anniversary Anne of Green Gables Stamps Issued by Canada Post and Japan Post

On June 20, 2008, Canada Post and Japan Post jointly released special Anne of Green Gables stamps on the 100th anniversary of the publication of L.M. Montgomery's novel. The dreamy portrait of Anne Shirley is by Ben Stahl, and the painting of the iconic Green Gables house is by Christopher Kovacs. The sweet animated drawings of Anne Shirley, Matthew Cuthbert, Diana Barry, Gilbert Blythe, and Marilla Cuthbert are from the anime series Anne of Green Gables (1979) aka Akage no An by Nippon Animation, which was part of the World Masterpiece Theater series.

Canada Post also issued a souvenir sheet with a set of two 52¢ Anne of Green Gables stamps to commemorate the occasion with artwork by Ben Stahl and Christopher Kovacs.

100th Anniversary Anne of Green Gables Stamps Issued by Canada Post

The following wonderful article was published by Canada Post upon the release of the stamps with biographical information on L.M. Montgomery, a description of her beloved Prince Edward Island, and details on the artwork, digital illustration, and stamp design:

Issued: June 20, 2008

Article published in

Canada's Stamp Details (Vol. XVII No 2; April to June 2008)

It's hard to believe that the irrepressible Anne Shirley might have lain hidden in a hat box forever. When Lucy Maud Montgomery completed her first novel in 1905, she received several rejections from publishers, so she put the story away. But Anne, with characteristic persistence, must have tugged at her imagination. A few years later, Montgomery retrieved the novel and sent it out again. Anne of Green Gables was finally published in Boston in 1908, to immediate success.

One hundred years later, Anne and her story are featured on a pair of domestic rate (52¢) stamps issued by Canada Post to celebrate the novel's centennial. The stamp images are based on original artwork officially authorized by The heirs of Lucy Maud Montgomery and the Anne of Green Gables Licensing Authority Inc. The painting of Anne was created by Ben Stahl, and that of her beloved Green Gables house by Christopher Kovacs.

"Anne is such a unique character, so full of life and so inspired by nature," says designer Dennis Page. "These paintings represent her story well-the images are surrounded by nature, and Anne appears lost in her thoughts."

Anne's name, he notes, is printed on the stamps in a typeface as personal and expressive as she is. Page also worked with digital illustrator Mike Little on a unique frame for the two images, which serves as a subtle reminder that Anne's famous story is actually a work of fiction. "The stamp frames are meant to resemble the pages of a book printed in 1908, with deckle edges and an original look and feel."

Even Montgomery said she never felt quite truthful admitting that this vibrant red-headed girl was indeed a fictional character. Although Anne of Green Gables was her first novel, Montgomery had been writing poems and stories since childhood, inspired by her life on Prince Edward Island. Born in 1874, she was not even two when her mother died of tuberculosis and she was sent to live with her grandparents in Cavendish, a town later made famous as Avonlea. She grew up immersed in nature and Anne's scenic descriptions of Avonlea are drawn from Montgomery's own experiences of living in Cavendish where she was enchanted by the orchards, woods and beaches. Montgomery once wrote, "Everything was invested with a kind of fairy grace and charm, emanating from my own fancy, the trees that whispered nightly around the old house where I slept, the woodsy nooks I explored, the homestead fields, each individualized by some oddity or fence or shape, the sea whose murmur was never out of my ears - all were radiant with 'the glory and the dream'...amid all the commonplaces of life, I was very near to a kingdom of ideal beauty."1 Montgomery continued writing while training and working briefly as a teacher, and was earning a comfortable income from her published work even before the success of Anne of Green Gables. Eventually she married and moved to Ontario, but her heart and imagination stayed on the Island.

The house known as Green Gables is now a national historic site, with an operational period-style post office. Montgomery never actually lived there, but it was home to relatives, and she often explored the surrounding property. The setting clearly inspired her-the landscape near Cavendish is as vivid a character in her books as any other. To recognize this special place as uniquely Canadian, the souvenir sheet bears a maple leaf die perforation between the two stamps.

The Cavendish connection is featured on a souvenir sheet official first day cover (OFDC), and on two additional OFDCs, each bearing double cancels-one real (Cavendish PE) and one fictional (Avonlea PE).

Anne has captured the imaginations of girls around the world and her story has a special history for many Japanese. Anne first arrived in Japan in the 1930s with Canadian missionary Loretta Shaw. When Shaw left the country at the start of the Second World War, she gave a copy of the novel to her friend Hanako Muraoka, who translated it as Akage no An, literally "Anne of the Red Hair". After the war ended, Japanese education officials were eager to introduce children to Western texts, and Muraoka suggested the novel. In 1952, it was included in the school curriculum, and it has been well loved by generations of students ever since. Today, thousands of Japanese travel to Cavendish each year to visit Anne's fictional home.

Despite its distinctly Canadian setting, Anne of Green Gables belongs to the world. The story has captured the imaginations of readers in many languages and countries. "In Japan, readers have formed a fan club called the 'Buttercups,' named for Anne's favourite flower," says Joy Parks, Research Officer, Stamp Services, at Canada Post. Buttercups appear on the floral envelope seals included with the stamp booklet, part of a collection of flowers reproduced from the paintings depicted on the stamps. Like the wildflowers that return to bloom each spring, Anne lives on in the imagination of her readers, as real today as when she was first published.

Additional information is available on the following websites:
www.gov.pe.ca/lmm
www.lmmontgomery.ca

1 Stan Sauerwein, Lucy Maud Montgomery: The Incredible Life of the Creator of Anne of Green Gables (Canmore, Alberta: Altitude Publishing Canada Ltd.) 2004, p. 22-23.


Created June 30, 2008. Last updated January 20, 2024.
© worldofanneshirley.com

October 02, 2007

Aunt Susanna's Thanksgiving Dinner

Aunt Susanna's Thanksgiving Dinner by L.M. Montgomery (1907)
After spending many hours searching through microfiche in my university's library, I rediscovered an 100-year-old short story by L.M. Montgomery. The story is called "Aunt Susanna's Thanksgiving Dinner," and you can read it here exclusively. "Aunt Susanna's Thanksgiving Dinner" was originally published in 1907 in The Housewife, the year before Anne of Green Gables was published. To my knowledge this story has never been republished since.

The story is about four sisters: Laura, Kate, Margaret, and Agnes, who narrates the tale. Each girl has her own ambitions. Laura wants to be an artist, Kate plays the violin, Margaret wants to get a college education, and Agnes wants to be a writer. Aunt Susanna faintly approves of Margaret's desire for an education, but disapproves of the artistic, musical, and literary goals of her other three nieces. The sisters try to please Aunt Susanna, hoping their wealthy aunt will send Margaret to college.

The story begins when Aunt Susanna arrives at her nieces's home. She's full of criticism, but also needs a favor. She is in a bind, and must travel from town to visit a sick relative. She needs the girls to prepare Thanksgiving dinner for her and Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert upon their return home. Agnes has just told Aunt Susanna that she's a good cook, so she feels she must agree to prepare the meal. With trepidation, Agnes says she will cook dinner, and Kate volunteers to help her.

Despite the their best efforts, Agnes and Kate's Thanksgiving preparations turn out to be a disaster. Will they be able to save Thanksgiving and win Aunt Susanna's approval?

Read the original scanned story text below or download a PDF version here:

Aunt Susanna's Thanksgiving Dinner by L.M. Montgomery (1907)

Aunt Susanna's Thanksgiving Dinner by L.M. Montgomery (1907)

Updated to add: Long after I posted this story on my website, it was gathered into another collection online.

Reference:
Montgomery, L.M. (1907, November). Aunt Susanna's Thanksgiving Dinner. The Housewife. pages 5 and 14.

Created October 2, 2007. Last updated November 24, 2022.
© worldofanneshirley.com

September 09, 2007

Anne of Green Gables (2007)

Anne of Green Gables - Play adapted by Peter DeLaurier

Anne of Green Gables (2007) is a play adapted by Peter DeLaurier from the novel by L.M. Montgomery. The play premiered at the at The People's Light & Theatre Company in January 2007 as part of the Philadelphia New Play Festival. It was nominated for Outstanding New Play in the annual Barrymore Awards. The play was directed by Shannon O'Donnell.

Playbill described the story as follows: "Matthew Cuthbert and his no-nonsense sister Marilla send for an orphan to help with the farm at Green Gables. But instead of a sturdy boy, they get skinny Anne Shirley, an accident-prone redhead with a natural flair for drama. It doesn't take long though for this imaginative young heroine to work her way into the hearts of her reluctant new parents, and to transform their stodgy, old-fashioned neighbors on Prince Edward Island into a host of 'kindred spirits.' This new adaptation captures all the spirit of the beloved classic. Best appreciated by ages 7 and up. www.peopleslight.org."

Anne of Green Gables was published by Playscripts, Incorporated in 2009, and is available for purchase at the Playscripts website.

Image Credit:
Promotional artwork for Anne of Green Gables (2007) from the Playscripts website.

Acknowledgement:
Thank you to Peter DeLaurier for sending me info about his play.

Reference:
Jones, Kenneth. (2006, December 28). Nine Theatres to Sprout Premieres in First Philly New Play Fest in Early 2007. Playbill. Retrieved from: https://web.archive.org/web/20070930191530/http://www.playbill.com/news/article/104459.html

Created September 9, 2007. Last updated May 20, 2024.
© worldofanneshirley.com

July 17, 2007

Dalvay-by-the-Sea

Dalvay-by-the-Sea in Dalvay, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

Dalvay-by-the-Sea is a National Historic Site on the north shore of Prince Edward Island, Canada in Prince Edward Island National Park.

Dalvay-by-the-Sea was built by Alexander MacDonald, a wealthy industrialist from Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. MacDonald fell in love with the region after he and his family vacationed on Prince Edward Island in 1895. After visiting the island, he bought 120 acres of land on the north shore and built a summer home there. MacDonald named his house “Dalvay-by-the-Sea” after his childhood home in Scotland. The building is a beautiful example of Queen Anne Revival architecture, featuring dormers, bay windows, and gables, and it overlooks the ocean and Dalvay Lake.

After MacDonald’s death, Dalvay-by-the-Sea changed hands several times. The property is now owned by Parks Canada. Dalvay is a seasonal hotel and restaurant, which is open from May until the end of October and managed by D.P. Murphy Group of Companies. You can book a stay at the hotel in a room or cottage or stop by for a meal. You may also make reservations for high tea on specific dates throughout the summer and fall.

For fans of Sullivan Entertainment’s Anne of Green Gables miniseries, Dalvay-by-the-Sea is recognizable as the White Sands Hotel. Anne Shirley, played by Megan Follows, recited “The Highwayman” there, impressing her friends and family from Avonlea and the wider population of Prince Edward Island. At the beginning of the sequel, Anne of Avonlea, Anne is busy writing on the dunes with Dalvay-by-the-Sea in the background when her manuscript is blown away by the wind, and she chases the loose pages. In addition, Dalvay-by-the-Sea was featured prominently as the White Sands Hotel in Sullivan Entertainment’s Road to Avonlea television series. Felix King worked at the hotel, and Hetty King became the hotel’s co-proprietor.

Dalvay-by-the-Sea is a beautiful place, and so is the view from the grounds. I spent some time enjoying the landscape from an Adirondack chair in the front yard of the hotel.

View of Dalvay Lake from Dalvay-by-the-Sea in Dalvay, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

It’s a short walk from the hotel to Dalvay Beach, which is a striking and peaceful place.

Dalvay Beach, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The drive along the north shore near the hotel is remarkably pretty with lush grasses and dunes.

North Shore grasses, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

During my visit to Prince Edward Island, I didn’t have a chance to stay at Dalvay-by-the-Sea or dine there, and I never saw the interior. I hope to visit it again one day and stay there.


Official Website:
Dalvay by the Sea

Location:
Dalvay-by-the-Sea
16 Cottage Crescent, Dalvay, PE, C0A 1P0, Canada.

Image credits:
Photographs by World of Anne Shirley.

References:
Read More about Dalvay’s History. Dalvay by the Sea. Retrieved from: https://www.dalvaybythesea.com/history

Dalvay-by-the-Sea National Historic Site. Parks Canada. Retrieved from: https://parks.canada.ca/lhn-nhs/pe/dalvay

Introducing The "Real" White Sands Hotel - Dalvay By The Sea. Anne of Green Gables. Sullivan Entertainment. Retrieved from: https://www.anneofgreengables.com/blog/introducing-the-real-white-sands-hotel-dalvay-by-the-sea

Pacheco, Adriana. 10 Anne of Green Gables Famous Filming Locations. Anne of Green Gables. Sullivan Entertainment. Retrieved from: https://www.anneofgreengables.com/blog/10-anne-of-green-gables-famous-filming-locations

Created July 17, 2007. Last updated July 12, 2024.
© worldofanneshirley.com

Confederation Centre of the Arts

Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The Confederation Centre of the Arts is a cultural arts center located in downtown Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada. The Centre includes a performing arts theater and a visual arts gallery, and many of its exhibits and productions focus on Canadian identity and heritage. In 1964, Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the Centre to the public. Since 1965, the Centre has hosted the annual Charlottetown Festival each summer. The Confederation Centre of the Arts holds the Guinness World Record for presenting the longest running annual musical theatre production, Anne of Green Gables — The Musical, a musical based on the novel Anne of Green Gables by L.M. Montgomery.

Poster for Anne of Green Gables — The Musical outside the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

Anne of Green Gables — The Musical was performed at the Confederation Centre of the Arts every summer from 1965 until 2019. In 2020, performances of the musical paused during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the musical returned to the stage in 2022. Beginning in 2024, Anne of Green Gables — The Musical will be performed every two years instead of annually.

I saw the musical at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in 2006. While I was in Charlottetown, I enjoyed waking through the main hallway of the Centre where there were several displays relating to the long-running musical. I especially liked this model of the Anne of Green Gables — The Musical set.

Anne of Green Gables — The Musical Model Set at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

There was a display with costumed mannequins depicting a scene from the musical.

Costumed mannequins depicting a scene from Anne of Green Gables — The Musical at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The displays included several drawings of costumes designed for actors performing in the musical, such as this dress for Mrs. Sloane.

Drawing of a costume for Mrs. Sloane for Anne of Green Gables — The Musical at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

There were several posters from prior productions of Anne of Green GablesThe Musical.

Poster for production of Anne of Green Gables — The Musical at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

There was also information about the writers and musicians who brought Anne of Green Gables to the stage.

Information about how Anne of Green Gables — The Musical was brought to the stage at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

In addition, there was a display on L.M. Montgomery, the creator of Anne Shirley. Many of L.M. Montgomery's manuscripts are held by the Confederation Centre of the Arts.

Display on L.M. Montgomery at the Confederation Centre of the Arts in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

Official Website:
Confederation Centre of the Arts

Location:
Confederation Centre of the Arts
145 Richmond St, Charlottetown, PE C1A 1J1, Canada.

Image credits:
Photographs by World of Anne Shirley.

Reference:
Longest running annual musical theatre production. Guiness World Records. Retrieved from: https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/114132-longest-running-annual-musical-theatre-production

Created July 17, 2007. Last updated July 9, 2024.
© worldofanneshirley.com

The L.M. Montgomery Institute at the University of Prince Edward Island

Bronze Sculpture of L.M. Montgomery by Claude Patrice Roussel at the L.M. Montgomery Institute, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The L.M. Montgomery Institute was founded in 1993 to promote research on the life and writings of L.M. Montgomery. It is part of the University of Prince Edward Island, a public university in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada. The L.M. Montgomery Institute is located in the Robertson Library at the University of Prince Edward Island, which houses a large collection of publications and artifacts about L.M. Montgomery.

From 1893–1894, L.M. Montgomery attended school at Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown. In 1969, Prince of Wales College was amalgamated with St. Dunstan's University to form the University of Prince Edward Island. The former Prince of Wales College buildings from L.M. Montgomery’s time are now part of Holland College in downtown Charlottetown.

During my visit to Prince Edward Island, I visited the L.M. Montgomery Institute at the Robertson Library. The librarian there was very kind and helpful. There was a bronze bust of L.M. Montgomery in the library by Claude Patrice Roussel.


Official Websites:
L.M. Montgomery Institute
Robertson Library at the University of Prince Edward Island

Location:
L.M. Montgomery Institute at the University of Prince Edward Island
550 University Ave, Charlottetown, PE C1A 4P3, Canada.

Image credit:
Photograph by World of Anne Shirley.

Created July 17, 2007. Last updated July 2, 2024.
© worldofanneshirley.com

Cavendish Cemetery

Cavendish Cemetery, grave of Lucy Maud Montgomery Macdonald and Rev. Ewen Macdonald in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The Cavendish Cemetery is a historic cemetery in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Canada. The cemetery is the final resting place of L.M. Montgomery. She is buried alongside her husband, the Reverend Ewen Macdonald.

The entrance to the Cavendish Cemetery has a large metal archway reading, "Resting Place of L.M. Montgomery, Cavendish." The cemetery is located in walking distance from the Green Gables Heritage Place and the site of L.M. Montgomery's Cavendish Home. It is open to the public, and visitors can enter and pay their respects at L.M. Montgomery's grave.

Entry arch of the Cavendish Cemetery in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

L.M. Montgomery's mother, Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery, is buried nearby in the Cavendish Cemetery. Clara died of tuberculosis in 1876 when L.M. Montgomery was 21 months old.

L.M. Montgomery grieved the loss of her mother throughout her life. On December 29, 1921, L.M. Montgomery wrote in her journals, "Somehow, I have an odd feeling that mother is very near me as I write. Does human personality survive death? And is it possible that when we think of our dead it summons them irresistibly to us?"

Grave of L.M. Montgomery's mother, Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery, in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

After the death of her mother in Cavendish, L.M. Montgomery remained there with her maternal grandparents, Alexander Macneill and Lucy Woolner Macneill, who raised her at the Macneill homestead. Alexander Macneill died in 1898, and Lucy Woolner Macneill died in 1911. L.M. Montgomery's grandparents are buried next to L.M. Montgomery's mother.

Gravestone of L.M. Montgomery's maternal grandparents, Alexander Macneill and Lucy Woolner Macneill, in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley
Location:

Cavendish Cemetery
PE-13, Cavendish, PE C0A 1M0, Canada.

Image credits:
Photographs by World of Anne Shirley.

Reference:
Montgomery, L.M. The Selected Journals of L.M. Montgomery, Volume III: 1921-1929. ed. Mary Rubio and Elizabeth Waterston. Oxford University Press, 1992. page 33.


Created July 17, 2007. Last updated June 28, 2024.
© worldofanneshirley.com

Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School

Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School in Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School is a historical museum located in Central Bedeque, Prince Edward Island.

L.M. Montgomery taught in a one-room schoolhouse in Lower Bedeque from 1897–1898. This was her third and final teaching position. She enjoyed her time in Lower Bedeque, finding it a lively and friendly place with many young people. During L.M. Montgomery’s year in Lower Bedeque, she boarded with Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius Leard. She fell in love with their son, a young farmer named Herman Leard, and wrote about him in her journals. In March 1898, L.M. Montgomery’s grandfather Alexander Macneill died, and she returned home to live with her grandmother in Cavendish.

Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School in Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The Lower Bedeque School that L.M. Montgomery taught in was restored. It represents a typical one-room, country schoolhouse in Prince Edward Island in the late 1800s. You can stand at the front of the class at the podium and imagine teaching a class of students. The original desks are more than a century old and so are the slates. There are displays of old books, educational materials, and school supplies.

Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School in Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

There were several replica dresses on display that were worn at performances of Anne of Green Gables: The Musical. The school was registered as a Heritage Place by the province of Prince Edward Island in 2005.

Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School in Prince Edward Island, Canada, photograph copyright World of Anne Shirley

The Lower Bedeque School was originally located on Route 112. I visited the museum at its original location in 2006. In 2019, the museum was closed due to a lack of volunteers. In 2021, the entire building was moved to a new location in Central Bedeque to a park across from the Bedeque Area Historical Museum.

The Bedeque Area Historical Museum currently maintains and manages the school museum. There are several exhibits in the Lower Bedeque School, namely: Introduction to the Schoolhouse, Lucy Maud Montgomery's Time in Bedeque, Maud's Secret Bedeque Romance, Saving the Lower Bedeque School, Early Education in Prince Edward Island, and Montgomery's Loyalist Roots.

Official Website:
Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School at the Bedeque Area Historical Museum

Location:
Lucy Maud Montgomery Lower Bedeque School
950 Callbeck St, Bedeque, PE C0B 1C0, Canada.

Image credits:
Photographs by World of Anne Shirley.

References:
School museum where L.M. Montgomery taught forced to close its doors. (2019, June 24). CBC News. Retrieved from: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-bedeque-schoolhouse-lucy-maud-montgomery-1.5187652

P.E.I. school where L.M. Montgomery taught being moved to new site. CBC News. (2021, June 9). CBC News. Retrieved from: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-lower-bedeque-school-montgomery-moving-1.6059539

Lower Bedeque School Gets a New Home. (2021, June 1). Bedeque Area Historical Museum. Retrieved from: https://www.bedequemuseum.ca/historical-society/lower-bedeque-school-gets-a-new-home


Created July 17, 2007. Last updated June 27, 2024.
© worldofanneshirley.com